Studies that point to fractals in great Literature: https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/jan/27/scientists-reveal-multifractal-structure-of-finnegans-wake-james-joyce
Why and how? Most predictive measures of the current science play with sentence length and the implications that that has for overall meaning. It would appear, then, that a great work of art has significant forms of variation in sentence length, which would indicate a higher level of randomness and also changes in how thoughts are expressed. We also see, when these concepts are graphed, small portions of books being a microcosm of themselves. What does this mean?
Authors have been doing this conceptually for generations. However, it is thought of in different paradigms and in different methodologies. Authors, had originally used symbols, whether actions or otherwise, in specific circumstances to elicit a microcosm of their very own world that could represent the whole. The Aenied is littered with metaphors of people leaving from shore. The Portrait of the Artists as a Young Man is full of the protagonists feeling some vague pull to numerous objects of affection, be it sex, different poets that are acceptable, or wanderlust. The fall of Hector in the Iliad. Even in Gulliver’s Travels, Swift makes each travel a small microcosm of the overall experience.
What does this practice inevitably lead to?
This practice inevitably leads to synthetic chaos. This practice of creating mulit-faceted reproductions of the macro-schema into the micro-schema would leave to various pieces to a puzzle, in the micro-schema, that are not fully understandable by themselves. As granularity of examples increases, so does confusion on its import and purpose. Sound like fractals? That’s because it should. Fractals are used in art to create an ever further tunneling down into the messages of itself. It is when we divulge these elements into a macro view that we are better able to understand their whole meaning, this is a concept seen in fractal theory repeatedly. So why synthetic chaos? One could refer to this concept more colloquially as suspense, or symbols, or any incomplete piece of information that is used to then later form the whole. This issuing of synthetic chaos leaves the reader dazed and lusting for more until the very end. At the end, the reader should feel as if they have been brought into new light, Madame Bovary being a perfect example of all this chaos leading to a false purpose and then the meaning being given in the end, or re-birthed through the passage of art.
It is then my theory, that art uses fractally similar bits of its own whole to create a synthetic chaos that is then dispelled, in some way or another, to create a feeling of rebirth. Id est, that art is the recreation of Creation itself. This feeling of being lost in suspended chaos and then brought to a point of understanding and clarity is the mimicry of what it means to be born, to be human, and to find meaning in the chaos.